Writing Thesis in Literature

Theses are necessary components of well-organized and convincing essays, nonfiction pieces, narratives, and documentaries.

Literary Criticism: thesis examples

These sample thesis statements are provided as guides, not as required forms or prescriptions.

The thesis may focus on an analysis of one of the elements of fiction, drama, poetry or nonfiction as expressed in the work: character, plot, structure, idea, theme, symbol, style, imagery, tone, etc.

In “A Worn Path,” Eudora Welty creates a fictional character in Phoenix Jackson whose determination, faith, and cunning illustrate the indomitable human spirit.

Note that the work, author, and character to be analyzed are identified in this thesis statement. The thesis relies on a strong verb (creates). It also identifies the element of fiction that the writer will explore (character) and the characteristics the writer will analyze and discuss (determination, faith, cunning).

The character of the Nurse in Romeo and Juliet serves as a foil to young Juliet, delights us with her warmth and earthy wit, and helps realize the tragic catastrophe.

The works of ecstatic love poets Rumi, Hafiz, and Kabir use symbols such as a lover’s longing and the Tavern of Ruin to illustrate the human soul’s desire to connect with God.

The thesis may focus on illustrating how a work reflects the particular genre’s forms, the characteristics of a philosophy of literature, or the ideas of a particular school of thought.

“The Third and Final Continent” exhibits characteristics recurrent in writings by immigrants: tradition, adaptation, and identity.

Note how the thesis statement classifies the form of the work (writings by immigrants) and identifies the characteristics of that form of writing (tradition, adaptation, and identity) that the essay will discuss.

Samuel Beckett’s Endgame reflects characteristics of Theatre of the Absurd in its minimalist stage setting, its seemingly meaningless dialogue, and its apocalyptic or nihilist vision.

A close look at many details in “The Story of an Hour” reveals how language, institutions, and expected demeanor suppress the natural desires and aspirations of women.

The thesis may draw parallels between some element in the work and real-life situations or subject matter: historical events, the author’s life, medical diagnoses, etc.

In Willa Cather’s short story, “Paul’s Case,” Paul exhibits suicidal behavior that a caring adult might have recognized and remedied had that adult had the scientific knowledge we have today.

This thesis suggests that the essay will identify characteristics of suicide that Paul exhibits in the story. The writer will have to research medical and psychology texts to determine the typical characteristics of suicidal behavior and to illustrate how Paul’s behavior mirrors those characteristics.

Through the experience of one man, the Narrative of the Life of Frederick Douglass, An American Slave, accurately depicts the historical record of slave life in its descriptions of the often brutal and quixotic relationship between master and slave and of the fragmentation of slave families.

In “I Stand Here Ironing,” one can draw parallels between the narrator’s situation and the author’s life experiences as a mother, writer, and feminist.

Example: In “Barn Burning,” William Faulkner shows the characters Sardie and Abner Snopes struggling for their identity.

2. In (title of work), (author) uses (one aspect) to (define, strengthen, illustrate) the (element of work).

3. In (title of work), (author) uses (an important part of work) as a unifying device for (one element), (another element), and (another element). The number of elements can vary from one to four.

Example: In “Youth,” Joseph Conrad uses the sea as a unifying device for setting, structure and theme.

4. (Author) develops the character of (character’s name) in (literary work) through what he/she does, what he/she says, what other people say to or about him/her.

5. In (title of work), (author) uses (literary device) to (accomplish, develop, illustrate, strengthen) (element of work).

Example: In “The Masque of the Red Death,” Poe uses the symbolism of the stranger, the clock, and the seventh room to develop the theme of death.

6. (Author) (shows, develops, illustrates) the theme of __________ in the (play, poem, story).

Example: Flannery O’Connor illustrates the theme of the effect of the selfishness of the grandmother upon the family in “A Good Man is Hard to Find.”

7. (Author) develops his character(s) in (title of work) through his/her use of language.

Example: John Updike develops his characters in “A & P” through his use of figurative language.

Example 1

The writer will have to research medical and psychology texts to determine the typical characteristics of suicidal behavior and to illustrate how Paul s behavior mirrors those characteristics. The thesis may focus on illustrating how a work reflects the particular genre s forms, the characteristics of a philosophy of literature, or the ideas of a particular school of thought.

The thesis usually spans the student’s senior year and has two phases. In the Fall, the student registers for a 6-unit pre-thesis tutorial, during which time s/he will be reading extensively, compiling an annotated bibliography, and drafting a segment of the thesis. Upon fulfilling these requirements, he or she receives an interim “J” grade. In the Spring, the student completes drafting the thesis, and after receiving feedback from the readers, first revises it for submission and then presents his or her work to the community at large.



Writing a Thesis


Webassign Answers

Additionally, our flexible online class packages enable both you and our tutors to complete the classes remotely and confidentially.


WebAssign Answers: Getting Your Online Class Right

The globe is evolving fast, and most of the things today are done online. In the education industry, a lot of learning is also taking place online through modern platforms, such as WebAssign. However, most of the students indicate that getting the right WebAssign answers for different assignments is very challenging.

In some instances, learners fail to get the right WebAssign answers calculus 3 and end up with low grades or retaking the course. Remember that you should not fall into the trap of buying a Web Assign answer key because it does not work. To avoid these disturbing scenarios, our writing help can assist you to solve questions on WebAssign and get the right WebAssign calc answers.

What is WebAssign Assignment?

WebAssign is one of the popular online education programs developed by Cengage. It was designed to provide online instructional tools for lecturers and learners. Lecturers create assignments on the platform and students are required to solve them and get the right WebAssign homework answers.

When using WebAssign, you should expect to get different types of assignments and questions. It has customizable precoded questions, including quizzes, multiple-choice tests, and open-ended questions, from a wide range of science and math textbooks. As a student, your lecturer expects that no matter the nature of the question, you should be able to solve them and get the right WebAssign answers statistics, physics, or math.

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WebAssign Test Questions and Answers

When Cengage designed WebAssign platform, they made the process of posting assignments, grading, and communication between students and teachers easy. Because only your teacher has the WebAssign answers calculus 2, you need to prepare appropriately for the assignments.

Whether you are taking statistics, physics, or chemistry, the most effective method of preparing to tackle the assignment and getting the right WebAssign answers is getting familiar with the types of questions that are asked. Smart students even go a step further and start practicing with related problems as a method of building confidence as opposed to using webassign answer keys.

Assume that y is a differentiable function of x and differentiate both sides of the given equation with respect to x. This yields

Consider using the materials provided on the platform and liaise with your lecturer to further build your skills for solving related problems. Below are sample questions to expect on the WebAssign platform.

Whether it is physics, chemistry, or other subjects on WebAssign, the above samples show that the assignments can be tough. This is why many students indicate that getting the right WebAssign calculus 2 answers is a serious challenge. However, students can use our professional writers to solve and get the right WebAssign answers algebra.

How to Do WebAssign Assignment on Your Own

The following are the main steps that you can follow to do assignments on WebAssign on your own. Make sure to follow the procedures and formulas in the course material or recommended by your teacher to get the right WebAssign answers precalc.

Before you can start solving different questions to get the right web assign physics answers, you need to visit the platform and create an account. Then, sign to your account and navigate to My Assignments page. In addition to the assignments, the page also shows other details, such as My Calendar, Communications, and Announcements from your lecturer. See the demonstration of the page below:

There are two types of assignments to expect on WebAssign; pre-class homework and regular homework. It is advisable to start with the pre-class homework before handling the main homework. For example, if you are taking Calculus 1, consider working on pre-class assignments first and get the right WebAssign calculus 1 answers.

In the pre-class homework, every question you get has two trials to get the right answer. If you are taking physics, it implies you have to get the right WebAssign physics answers in just two attempts. Failing the second attempt means you lose the point. However, the regular homework allows more attempts.

Notably, most problems in physics, chemistry, and statistics require you to use mathematical expressions to get the right answers. You can get these functions at the bottom right corner of the assignment page. Make sure to use them correctly to get the right WebAssign statistics answers. See the picture below.

How to Get Test Answers Online from Professional Writers

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Privacy & Confidentiality

Do you often get worried about submission, deadlines, and quality of work for your WebAssign College Algebra Homework, or WebAssign Precalculus online class. Find the tension in the supporting cable when the elevator, originally moving downward at 13 m s, is brought to rest with constant acceleration in a distance of 26 m.

Our tutors are highly qualified professionals and experts on how to get WebAssign answers, and how to cheat on WebAssign homework thus offering proper guidance on how to get the appropriate results with proper effort



Physics Homework #4

WebAssign Online Class


Document proofreading

You know what you meant to say, so your brain will conveniently hop over missing words, typos and jumbled sentences.

Go beyond spellcheck


The Ultimate Proofreading
Tool and Guide

Whether you’re writing an assignment for class or typing a work email, proofreading and editing are important. By polishing your writing, you ensure your ideas are clear and that you come across as knowledgeable.

Our helpful handbook and free proofreading checker will help you on your path to proofreading like a pro.

Illustration of a person sitting with a pen and a document that has proofreading marks on it.

Illustration of a person with Grammarly writing suggestions floating around in a circular pattern.

What Is Proofreading?

Proofreading means checking a final draft carefully and correcting typos, grammatical mistakes, and other writing issues before publication. Proofreading is the last step in the writing process. While editing focuses on logical flow, tone, readability, and style, proofreading is concerned mostly with the mechanical aspects of writing.

Make Proofreading Online Easier

Proofreading your essay or work proposal can be time-consuming. But with Grammarly’s free proofreading tool, you’ll be guided to quickly fix misspellings, improper punctuation use, formatting inconsistencies, and more.

What Are Proofreading Marks?

Part of a traditional practice that’s still used today, proofreading marks help proofreaders identify errors in printed documents such as manuscripts. They are shorthand proofreading symbols and abbreviations that signify needed writing revisions.

Infographic of symbols representing add period; add comma; add semicolon; add hyphen; add en dash; add em dash; add apostrophe; add quotation marks; begin new paragraph; capitalize; lowercase; spell out; transpose; and change order of words.

Try Our Free Proofreading Tool

Instantly polish your writing with real-time suggestions for fixing grammar, spelling, punctuation, and more.

Access to Writing Experts

Want to be extra sure your writing shines? With a Grammarly Premium account, you can use our proofreading services. Simply submit your writing to our team of experts, who will review and revise it for correctness and clarity. Learn more about Grammarly ’ s expert writing service.

Grammarly's user interface shows how Premium writing service works in three steps. 1: Draft is minimized and shared with writing experts; 2: You'll see progress with average turnaround of 60 seconds. 3. Your draft re-opens with revisions highlighted.

Proofreading How-To Guide

Build your proofreading skills by reading these helpful resources on grammar, syntax, punctuation, and more.

Illustration of a hand touching a document that has Grammarly proofreading suggestions on it.

Proofreading and Editing

Illustration of a person chiseling a stone that says “syntax.”

Grammar and Syntax

Punctuation marks with cartoon faces.

Punctuation and Spelling

Frequently Asked Questions

What is the meaning of proofreading?

Proofreading is the final review of a piece of writing before it’s submitted. It involves, among other things, fixing typos and formatting inconsistencies as well as mistakes in spelling, grammar, and punctuation.

Why is proofreading important in writing?

Proofreading is important in writing because it’s the last chance to ensure that writing mistakes don’t distract your reader from understanding your larger message.

What are proofreading marks, and what do they mean?

Proofreading marks are symbols and abbreviations that signify changes needed in a piece of writing. Each proofreading mark gives a different instruction—such as add a certain punctuation mark, remove a space, or change the order of words.

What is the role of a proofreader?

A proofreader is responsible for reading through a document to catch and fix mechanical writing errors before a written piece is published.

What are some common proofreading mistakes?

Some common proofreading mistakes are misspelled words, incorrect subject-verb agreement, poor syntax, and comma splices.

What is a helpful, free online proofreading tool?

If you’re looking for an online proofreading tool, check out Grammarly! It offers instant suggestions to polish your writing as you type. It works for both academic proofreading and proofreading for work.

How can I find professional proofreading services?

A Grammarly Premium account lets you access Grammarly’s team of writing experts who will proofread your writing for correctness and clarity.


Whether you’re writing an assignment for class or typing a work email, proofreading and editing are important. By polishing your writing, you ensure your ideas are clear and that you come across as knowledgeable.

Our helpful handbook and free proofreading checker will help you on your path to proofreading like a pro.

Illustration of a person sitting with a pen and a document that has proofreading marks on it.

Illustration of a person with Grammarly writing suggestions floating around in a circular pattern.

Set up for success

Make sure you have everything you need to hand a pencil for pointing, a ruler or blank paper to place below each line so you re not distracted by the text ahead , and a list of what to look out for. But with Grammarly s free proofreading tool, you ll be guided to quickly fix misspellings, improper punctuation use, formatting inconsistencies, and more.

Whether you’re proofreading your own work or a colleague’s, to do it effectively, you need to repress the urge to skip, skim and hope for the best. It’s time to knuckle down and process every word. These proofreading tips will see you through.


How to proofread a document [with free proofreading checklist PDF]


The Impact of Product Description for WooCommerce Sales


Product description is one of the most important parts of a product. It’s the first thing a customer sees when they land on a product page. It is the first impression they have of your product.

If you don’t have a product description, you’re missing out on a lot of potential sales. If your product description is not up to par, you could be losing out on thousands of dollars in potential sales every month.

Product descriptions are also important for search engine optimization (SEO). If you have a good product description on your product page, it will help your product rank higher in the search engine results pages (SERPs).

In this article, we’ll take a look at the importance of product description for sales and SEO, and how to implement it in your WooCommerce store. We will also look at some examples of good and bad product descriptions, as well as how you can improve your product descriptions to increase your sales and improve your search engine rankings.

What is product description?

A product description (also known as product metadata) is information about your product that is displayed on the product page itself. It can include things like:

– Title

– Description

– Price

– Image

– Tags

– Features

– Specifications

– Availability

– Reviews

– Categories

– Manufacturers

– Links to other products

Why is Product description important for sales?

– Product description is important for SEO. If you don’t have one, your product will not rank as high in the SERPs as it could be.

– A product description can be used as a call to action (CTA). If a customer is interested in your product, they can click on the CTA and be taken to a page where they can learn more about the product. This can lead to more sales.

For example, if a customer clicks on the “Buy Now” button, they will be taken directly to the checkout page. If they click on “Learn More”, they will get taken to the product description page. This is a great way to get more sales from your existing customers.

How to implement product description in WooCommerce

There are a few different ways you can implement product descriptions in your store. You can use the built-in product description feature, or you can use a third-party plugin. In this tutorial, we will look at how to add product descriptions using the WooCommerce product description plugin.

Step 1: Install WooCommerce Product Description Plugin

First, you will need to install the plugin. To do this, go to your WordPress dashboard and navigate to Plugins – Add New. In the search box, type in “Woo Commerce Product Description” and click on “Install Now”.

Once the plugin is installed, you can activate it by navigating to “Settings” – “Widgets” and clicking on the “Product Description” widget. You will then be able to edit the product descriptions for your products in the widget.

You can also use the widget to create new product descriptions. To create a new product description widget, navigate to the “Products” page and click the “Add Product” button. On the next page, enter a title and description for the new product. Click on “Save” to save the new description. You can also edit the description of an existing product by clicking on “Edit” next to the description you want to edit. When you are done editing the description, click “Update” to update the description for that product. To delete a description, simply click on it and press the “Delete” button in the top-right corner of the screen. If you would like to delete all of the descriptions for a particular product, simply select the checkbox next to that product and click “Delete Selected” in the bottom-left corner. Once the descriptions are deleted, the widget will no longer be visible.

Step 2: Add product description to product pages

Now that you have the plugin installed, it is time to start adding product descriptions on product pages. To add a description to a product, click on that product in the list of products on the left-hand side of the page. Then, scroll down to the bottom of the product details page and you will see a section called “Product description”. Click “Add product description” to add a new description to that particular product. The description will be added to the end of the existing product description. You may need to scroll down a bit to see it. Once you have added a product description, you may want to change the title of the description. To edit the title, hover over the title and press “Enter” on your keyboard. The title will be highlighted and you can edit it to your liking. Once the title is edited, press “Update title”.

You may also want to add an image to your product description by clicking “Add image”. This will allow you to upload an image from your computer to your website. Once an image is uploaded, it can be added as a featured image for your product. To change the featured image, click the image and then click “Edit featured image” at the top of the image. The featured image will be displayed in the image section of your product page. You are not limited to one featured image per product, so feel free to add as many featured images as you want.

Step 3: Add Product Descriptions to Categories

If you have a lot of products, it may be a good idea to create a category for each of your products. This makes it easier for your customers to find the products they are looking for. In order to create categories, you first need to create the categories. To make this easier, we have created a shortcode that you can add to any post or page. To use the shortcode, simply copy and paste the following code into your page.

How to Write a Biography on Yourself

6 short professional bios and how to write one yourself

Short professional bios can be just as effective as long ones that detail your accomplishments. Whether you need to work within Twitter’s character count or you’re making career moves on LinkedIn, a well-written short professional bio gives you the chance to make an excellent first impression. Here’s how to turn this brief text into a powerful introduction to your greatest strengths and accomplishments.

“[Your name] is a [professional title] at [current employer] with [length of experience] helping [target audience] with [audience’s problems]. Specializing in [area of expertise], [first name] uses that experience to [describe most important aspects of the job].

By focusing on [branding statement about what matters professionally], [first name] has been able to put the [degree(s)] they earned at [college or university attended] to good use. Over the years, [first name’s or pronoun] strengths at [employer or project] has garnered some recognition for/by [major accomplishments]. [First name] may spend their days at [employer or employer location], but it’s the [one or two aspects of the job that they’re passionate about] that gets them up in the morning.

Example of a professional bio

Jerry Smith is a race car driver at Hendrick Motorsports with five years’ experience making speedy turns for several hours, helping his thousands of fans to fulfill their entertainment needs. Specializing in left turns and safely overtaking his opponents in the pursuit of a checkered flag, Jerry uses that expertise to never come in last.

By focusing on making sure Hendrick Motorsports ends up in the winner’s circle at every race, Jerry has been able to put the racing certifications he earned at driver’s school to good use. Over the years, his strengths at Hendrick Motorsports have garnered some recognition for winning several races each year. Jerry may spend his days at the racetrack, but it’s the thrill of the race and the glory of coming in first that gets him up in the morning.

What should be included in your bio?

Now that you know how effective a short bio can be, you’re getting closer to putting the proverbial pen to paper and letting the world know more about you. Before you get started on your bio, it’s important that you consider each element you want to mention in it. A good professional bio should include the following bits of information, regardless of your writing style or your goals:

  • Start with who you are and what you do. The basics of a bio include your name and a brief summary of your professional endeavors and goals.
  • Describe what you’re currently doing. Include quantifiable information that can show how effective you are in your most recent position.
  • Share a couple of professional triumphs. If you’ve enjoyed a level of professional excellence that resulted in special recognition, share those results. This is your moment to showcase two or three key moments in your career, such as awards, special recognition, or significant accomplishments. Approach this like you would a cover letter for a job application.
  • Create abranding statement. Consider your values as a professional and take some space to outline them. Think of this as an easy way to help people quickly determine what matters to you.
  • Include some personal details that showcase your personality. At the end of the day, your career doesn’t completely define you. Feel free to include interests and hobbies in your bio to make you more relatable.
  • Mention how to reach you. Add social media links or an email address to your bio. This one is more optional and context-dependent, but a smart idea nonetheless.



How to Write a Biography on Yourself

How to Write a Bullet-Proof Blog Post Outline in 5 Minutes


Start with the Main Header

Google favors posts with a clear hierarchy which means subpoints need to be nested inside of main points. The post title is the first header (H1), and that’s the most important text in a post. Make sure that you do your keyword research ahead of time and use the exact keyword in the H1.

You’ll also want to use the exact target keyword in the H2. We usually change the H2 a little from the post title (H1), just so it isn’t repetitive on the page. Here, the H2 is the first header in the body of the post, and we’ve altered it slightly from the H1, “How to Write a Winning Blog Post Outline.”

There should only be one H2 in each post. This single dominant header is a signal to Google that these are the words that this post is about, and, because it’s an echo of the title, Google knows exactly what people will get when reading this post.

How To Write A Blog Post Outline In 7 Steps:

⭐ Related Blog Post: What Is A Target Audience?

You must know exactly what actions you want people to take with your content. Then you want to know what steps you want them to take after they engage with that piece of content — you want to take them for a ride down the buyers journey.

You can create blog posts or other pieces of content to meet your audience at each stage of the customer journey. Make sure you are using the #R3MAT Method to reach them where they are.

Customer Journey

If you need help finding your ideal reader or help discovering your customer avatar make sure you fill out our worksheet. This worksheet will help you define exactly who your dream customer is.

FREE Download!


Step 1: Perform Keyword Research

We use each one every time we create a blog post. This helps us determine what our audience is searching for and gives us an idea for what type of context the blog should have as well as the length.

Once you type in a word or question, Google will show you the top searched questions right away. Each one of those listed are potential blog titles. You could write a blog post on each question if you wanted.

How to blog Google example

You want to get a feel for the main points and subtopic headings (H1, H2, H3 headings) that these blogs use and take note of the length of the blog. This is something the algorithm leans heavy on.

ahrefs blogging example

MarketMuse uses AI and machine learning to help you build content strategies, accelerate content creation, and inform content decisions. They specifically help you see what keywords and phrases you should add into your blog to get the highest possible rankings.

Markmuse content planning strategy

Step 2: Identify What You Want To Accomplish With Your Blog Post

For this step I like to create a Google document that includes everything we want to accomplish for this blog post — this puts all of our important metrics and goals in one organized place.

How to create a blog outline example

We document this information because we evaluated what metrics and data was relevant for our audience and business. Which also makes it helpful for your team because they can see exactly what is going on at any point and time.

Step 3: Organize Ideas And Research

I use the post it notes because I can write down any important subtopic information and move it around until I find a place where it fits in perfectly in my blog outline. This makes it easy to get the right flow in your content so your blog is easy to read.

Google pulls the text from headings and if your headings are also highly searched key terms then you have more opportunities to rank for multiple topics for that one blog post.

When I have conversations with my team I record them and upload them into Searchie.io where it fully transcribes every one of my conversations. This means I never have to waste time going back and listening to hours of conversation to find one key point.

Step 4: Put It All Together

Asana example

Asana allows our writers and teammates to communicate in one place. And our teammates can also see what stage someone is at with a task without ever having to ask for an update!

Step 5: Get Writing!

FREE Download!



How to effectively manage your small business for success


13 Tips for Starting and Managing a Small Business

Managing a small business is not easy. Without the resources that large corporations have come to rely on to make business run smoothly (think HR departments, finance, legal, etc.), it can be difficult to learn how to start and manage a small business. Between incorporating, hiring, firing, and learning how to manage a small business budget, entrepreneurs have their hands full with just the basics of how to manage a small business effectively.

1. Take care of your mental health

It might seem like a strange place to start when talking about how to manage a small business effectively, but it’s the foundation of starting a small business. Starting and managing a small business can take a toll on business owners’ mental health. It’s important that entrepreneurs take care of themselves through the process. Reserve time to decompress. Whether it’s meditation or yoga or simply going for a walk and listening to a podcast, taking “time off” is an incredibly important part of managing a small business effectively.

The other key is to try to adopt some level of flexibility. Your business may not turn out exactly the way you envisioned. Give your business room to pivot and adapt to whatever trends you’re seeing in the market.

2. Find the right setup

While there’s a lot that comes with managing a small business, it’s important to start with the basics. A clear vision or business purpose will help you get started and define a clear path for your entrepreneurial journey. Do some market research. Make sure your small business can meet a need in the market and that there is significant demand for your product or service. Once you’ve established the need, you can incorporate or set up a separate business LLC. The key here is to make sure that your business is a separate taxable entity — even if you’re the only employee.

Separating your small business from your personal assets is more of a safety net than anything. This way, your personal assets will be protected should your small business run into financial or legal issues.

How to Manage Accounting for a Small Business

3. Separate business from pleasure

Speaking of protecting your personal assets, even if you don’t incorporate or set up a separate LLC, you should separate your business financials from your personal financials. Open a business-only bank account and sign up for a credit card that you’ll use only for business expenses. This will make your life a lot easier as you’re figuring out the best way to manage receipts and how to manage taxes for a small business.

4. Hire a professional

Another practice that will make your life a lot easier come tax time is working with a bookkeeper. While this isn’t always an expense that small business owners can afford, it will give entrepreneurs peace of mind that their finances are being managed correctly. A bookkeeper can help business owners manage money in a small business and manage taxes and payroll.

You’ll also want to have an accountant on your roster of professionals, especially at tax time. Unlike a bookkeeper, an accountant can provide advice on the best ways to manage your finances, along with tips and tricks for optimizing your taxes. A good accountant will make suggestions as your business grows to help manage cash flow.

5. Lean on technology

If you can’t swing the costs of a bookkeeper, try your hand at doing your own bookkeeping. There are many accounting apps that can help business owners manage expenses and keep finances in check. Two popular software programs to consider are Freshbooks and Quickbooks. (More on those below.)

6. Pay the tax man

Another key to managing accounting for a small business is to always pay your taxes. Be aware of your tax payment schedule and how much you’re likely to owe. An unexpected tax payment can cause financial ruin for a small business. It’s incredibly important to always manage cash flow and know when (and how much) you’re expected to pay.

What does it mean to manage a small business for success, anyway?

It means knowing how to utilize your scarce resources to achieve your set business goals. This is a loaded statement. So let’s break it down a bit so you have a deeper understanding of what it means to successfully manage your small business.

Every startup and existing small businesses all face the same problem — lack of adequate resources. And yet, this is the stage where it would seem like there’s a never-ending pile of things to do. You have to: register the business; set up the operations structure; hire people into key roles; invest in business administration tools, have a marketing strategy; work out the financials… the list could go on.

The point is you won’t always have all the resources you need to solve them all in one go. Instead, you must know how to appropriate your available resources in such a way that business operations flow without hindrances and you remain on track to achieve your goals.

Speaking of business goals, there may be slight variations in the description, but ultimately, it all comes down to profit generation. So the question is how can you utilize your resources to remain fully functional and profitable? That’s what small business management is all about.

What are the best small business management tips for succeeding in today’s digital landscape?

Successful entrepreneurship means making sound business decisions. As the small business manager or owner, you are essentially the glue keeping both sides of the business (client-facing and internal processes) together.

By reference point, we mean a documented business plan that guides your decision-making. Whenever things start to feel like they’re spinning out of control, your business plan keeps you grounded and focused on the important stuff.

To create an effective business plan, start by outlining your business goals and then describing how you intend to achieve them. Break down each core business function — operations, human resources, payroll, billing and invoicing, marketing, sales, etc, and write down how you want them to operate in order to achieve your goals.

31. Build Good Relationships With Your Employees

“Good managers give their employees two things: goals and ownership. I set clear goals for my team’s work and hold them accountable for completing tasks. That said, I don’t micromanage my employees. I let them have plenty of space to use their talents and learn new skills.

I also make people feel they have a stake in the company as a whole, not just in their own work. For example, I recently bought a new office building. I kept my employees informed throughout the process—from property searching, to negotiating, to signing the papers. Since I kept them in the loop, they’re excited to move to our new location. They’ve even made some suggestions for building modifications that I’ll have our contractors incorporate during the remodeling process.”

vladimir gendelman picture



How do I calculate my hourly rate?

Hourly to Salary – Wage Calculator

Natural leader who can motivate, encourage and advise people, she is an innovative and creative person. She loves to generate fresh concepts and make goods. She generally adopts a creative approach to issue resolution and she continuously tries to accomplish things using her own thinking.

The hourly to salary or hourly rate calculator can assist you in determining what that wage is. Do you want to know what your yearly income is? Trying to compare different jobs? How do I compute an employee’s hourly rate based on annual salary? Simply input your hourly rate and the amount of hours you want to work each week. You may also calculate an employee’s hourly compensation by dividing their yearly salary by the amount of hours worked in a year.

A full-time employee works 2,080 hours a year based on a standard work week of 40 hours (40 hours a week x 52 weeks a year). So, if a person makes $40,000 per year working 40 hours per week, their hourly wage is around $19.23. (40,000 divided by 2,080).


How to convert annual salary to hourly rate?

Example 1

Step 1: You first need to divide your annual salary by the total number of weeks in the year, which is 52. This will inform you of your weekly pay. Using an annual salary of £40,000, the calculation is as follows:

Step 2: From here, we can look to figure out how much you are paid hourly. To do this, simply divide the weekly salary by how many hours you work each week. In this case, you are working and getting paid for 40 hours each week. Therefore, the calculation is as follows:

This means that for every hour you work, you are getting paid £19.23. If you want to learn how to calculate your hourly rate a little quicker, you can combine both steps together and use the hourly rate formula:

Example 2

In this first example above, we calculated our hourly rate when working 40 hours per week. However, some employees don’t get paid for their lunch breaks and thus are technically paid a different hourly rate. If you are allowed a 30-minute unpaid lunch break each day, that will result in a total number of 37.5 hours worked. Therefore, let’s see how the hourly rate of someone with a gross annual income of £40,000 differs when calculating for 37.5 worked hours per week.

Step 1: Divide the annual wage by the total number of weeks in a year. The answer to this step will be the same as the example above since the salary and number of weeks in a year have not changed. The calculation is as follows:

Although the annual salary has stayed the same, as you can see, the hourly rate has changed from £19.23 to £20.51. This is because the number of hours per week the employee is getting paid for has reduced. We can use the hourly rate formula outlined in the previous example to confirm if our calculations are correct.

If you have done this calculation and you get a slightly different answer, it could be due to rounding. Rounding the numbers up or down to the nearest pence may slightly alter the exact number. However, this approximate hourly wage with a few pence difference will give you a fairly accurate idea of how much you are getting paid for your time.

Unv salary calculator

Salary. IT Administrative and Finance Assistant salaries – 1 salaries reported. $53,961 / yr. UNV salaries – 1 salaries reported. $74,759 / yr. Political Affairs Officer salaries – 1 salaries reported. $67,581 / yr. Freelancer salaries – 1 salaries reported. $58,758 / yr.. Overtime Pay Chart updated 4/14/20 . Page 1 of 5 University of Michigan Payroll . Type of Employee / Workgroup ; Overtime Rule/s . Hours/TRC’s included . UBS, UNV . At an employee’s written request, daily overtime may be waived for a schedule change to a full or partial shift within the same calendar week, if approved by the.

Amazon Pay: Compra rápido y seguro. Office Products Office Deals School Supplies Printers, Ink & Toner Projectors Consider these available items. 50 ROLLS SHARP XE-A42S 44mm THERMAL CASH REGISTER . Adding Machine/Calculator Roll, 2-1/4″x150 ft White 12/Pack, UNV35715. The NEU pay calculator sets out school teacher pay rates for 2021-22 following the Government’s decision to freeze teacher pay in England and the pay increase implemented in Wales. It also shows what your pay would have been if it had increased it in line with inflation since 2010 – instead of being cut in real terms by pay freezes and below.



Allison Lindstrom Courses Review: Pros, Cons, and Alternatives

how to make money blogging with brand partnerships

Allison Lindstrom Courses Review: Pros, Cons, and Alternatives

allison lindstrom review

Disclosure: This page may contain affiliate links, meaning we receive a commission if you decide to make a purchase through our links, but this is at no additional cost to you. Please read our disclosure for more info.

The internet has opened so many opportunities in the workforce. Now, it’s possible to work from home and accomplish many more tasks than what was previously possible in the corporate environment. For women, this is opening so many new and amazing doors. Now, we can be more flexible with our families, and balance nurturing and professions in whole new ways!

Blogging is one of my favorite new (less than 40 years old) opportunities to make money from home, and people like Allison Lindstrom, who are choosing this profession, are seeing very exciting results! Added to that, her course is proven to get students results: some are making more money, some are learning new skills, and some are personally feeling more confidence than before. She’s doing a rock solid job. Unfortunately, there’s lots of courses out there that are giving great results, and just because a person is seeing amazing results doesn’t mean they’re the right instructor for you. In this review, I want to lay out for you the facts so you can decide if Allison’s course is the best fit for YOUR circumstance.

Before I begin, I want to mention I’m an advocate for continued learning. Some people confuse continued learning with shiny object syndrome, but when you want to master a profession, it’s important to learn various ways of doing things, and choose a combination that fits your innate skills and abilities. Many people reading this review will come here with different competencies already. My goal is to reveal the necessary competencies for the career and which of those competencies you can expect to recieve from Allison’s course. My review will be based on the information Allison has made available, and a general consensus from various sources. I’ll make sure to reveal my sources to you as I go.

How do Bloggers Make Money?

Most bloggers start making money by offering services through their blogs. But after their traffic levels increase, they adopt methods like ads, sponsored posts, and affiliate marketing to increase their blog income. The bloggers who are most successful leverage a diversified approach to monetizing their blogs.

1. Sponsored Posts

Sponsored posts are blog posts that brands or people pay you to create. They’re basically an advertorial as they’re a paid ad written in an editorial style. Whether you’re blogging about the latest products for new moms or personal finance, brands can reach out to you to create sponsored posts on your blog.

You can promote your sponsored posts by having a pricing list available on your website on your contact page. In the beginning, though, you might choose to do some outreach to local businesses (and brands that other bloggers in your niche have partnered with) and ask them if they’d be interested in a sponsored post on your blog. Make sure to mention how much traffic your blog brings and how many followers you have.

On The Brunette Salad’s blog, Vanessa Cesario shares collaborations with brands. Check out this sponsored post with Diesel . The photo blog captures pictures of Cesario wearing Diesel clothing in Italy with links to the jeans.

make money blogging with sponsored posts

If you want to make money selling products through your blog, adding an online store to your website can be a life-changer. You can list products that are relevant to your blog’s niche. Plus, you can use dropshipping to start selling items worldwide without needing to stock them.

If you’re a fashion blogger, you can find the latest men’s and women’s fashion items on Oberlo. Heck, if you’re a blogger in beauty, home decor, maternity, children, DIY, photography, or any other niche, you can find products to sell from Oberlo .

The magic of dropshipping lies in your ability to sell products without having to buy bulk inventory – so you only buy what you’ve already sold. And with your website already set up, you can add hundreds of products (for free).

Make Vancouver is an online retailer with a blog. They have a combo of dropshipping products and print on demand . Their blog includes gift guides, product finds, and other product type posts to help promote the items on their store.

how to make money blogging with dropshipping

3. Create a T-Shirt Business

While t-shirt business sounds like it’s limited to just t-shirts, most t-shirt manufacturers have begun to expand their product lines to allow you to create print on demand leggings, dresses, bodysuits, hats, backpacks, phone cases, canvases, pillows, and this list can still go a heck of a lot longer.

By searching for print on demand companies , you’ll find a range of vendors that allow you to add your own text and designs to products. Like the dropshipping model, you only pay for products that have been ordered by your customers. And so after your design is complete, you can literally start selling your own t-shirt the same day.

Think Pup ’s blog is possibly the best dog blog around. They feature articles dog lovers would enjoy, share product lists for holidays like Christmas and Valentine’s Day, and funny video content too. But this blog is actually monetized with a print on demand t-shirt business. In their store, they have graphic t-shirts about specific dog breeds and dogs in general.

how to make money blogging with print on demand

Some bloggers choose to create listicles with affiliate links throughout. For example, “10 Best Amazon Products for Your Wedding” with Amazon affiliate links added throughout. Others choose to create articles with several different affiliate programs such as “10 Best Ecommerce Platforms” with links to several different competing programs so that readers feel like they have more options.

The only downside to monetizing with affiliate marketing is that you’re only paid commissions and prices are outside your control. You’ll never make as much as a blogger with an online store who also has the luxury of setting his or her own prices.

Abby is a popular blogger who makes money blogging with affiliate marketing. In an article she published last year, Abby shared her list of the 20+ Books for Moms to read in 2021. Each of the books recommended link out to Amazon where she earns a commission of purchases made by someone who clicks one of the links in the article. She discloses that the post contains affiliate links to be transparent with her readers.

3 Guidelines For Meta Titles

4. Flesh Out Your Blogs with Quality Images

While 90% of the battle of writing a winning blog is crafting the text, visuals are more important to an excellent blog than they’ve ever been before. In addition to illustrating key points, like the screenshots in this blog are doing, visuals help inspire audience interest, which can make your blogs more readable, and more shareable.

According to HubSpot, including colored visuals in a blog boosts a person’s willingness to read it by 80%, and content that includes relevant images earns an average of 94% more views than text-only content.

5. Enlist Blogging Support

Perhaps one of the best blogging tips of all time is to reach out for help. As your company and content demands grow, it’s critical not to be the sole person in charge of your blogging. While many marketers think they can do this, the fact of the matter is that shouldering the entire burden of your content leads to mistakes, and this, in turn, leads to alienated readers and a less-than–ideal content strategy.

While content is critical for your online presence, blogs take a long time to create, and it can be difficult to create good blogs while also managing all of the other aspects of your business. Because of this, every business needs a blog writer, and many find that hiring one was one of the best things they’ve ever done for their content.

  • Experience with multiple content formats: The best content strategy is a diverse content strategy, and the blogger you hire should also be well-versed in social media, web content, and the importance of visual material. By finding a professional who checks all of these boxes, you can ensure that your blogs go way beyond a surface level.
  • Knowledge of current SEO standards: SEO changes on a regular basis and the best blogger you can hire is one who understands what Google wants at any given moment. From optimal meta description lengths to best practices for pop-up ads, your blog writer needs to have his or her finger on the pulse of everything that is online marketing and SEO. Without this knowledge, you put yourself at risk of receiving Google penalties or just missing out on the ample SEO opportunities that exist for you and your company.
  • Quality references and happy customers: You don’t want to take the time to train someone to be a web blog writer. In addition to taking too long, this is an approach that is bound to lead to mistakes and disappointment down the road. Instead, look for someone that already has experience in the industry.



16 Ways to be More Creative

16 Ways to be More Creative

Flex your creativity muscle every day.

“As a content writer, the best advice I ever received on fostering creativity was to treat it like a muscle, one that needs to be regularly worked out. Just like going to the gym, I try to set aside an hour every day to write, whether it’s working on a new piece or just jotting down thoughts. And while we’re continuing the workout analogy, it’s important to take breaks during these sessions. If I’m stuck on a problem, sometimes it’s helpful to step away from the desk and take a walk around the block or even take a shower (you always have your best ideas in the shower).”

“A day in the office can be filled with meetings and high priority items. Playing background music at my desk relaxes me and keeps me from being too serious all of the time. Being a designer, I find I am more open creatively when I am calm and can think clearly.”

–Jennifer Matthews, cofounder and creative director of removable wallpaper company Tempaper, which has seen average annual growth of about 34 percent each year since launching in 2008

Figure out what time of day you’re at your best.

“Discover your most creatively productive time of the day and make it a scheduled daily appointment. I can’t wait when I get up to grab my coffee and get to my computer and start cranking ideas out. That’s my most productive time (in the morning). When I get up, that’s when I do most of my concepts. I’m a morning person. There’s a whole science to it, and you need to be increasingly selective and disciplined about where your focus is invested each day.”

–Robert Sonneman, founder and chief creative officer of award-winning SONNEMAN-A Way of Light, with a product line which includes 1,800 SKUs, with over 100 new introductions annually, and has experienced over 40 percent revenue growth in 2016, and 20 percent growth month over month in 2017

25 Ways to Be More Creative

25 Ways to Be More Creative

You might think of creativity as something clever marketers or copywriters whip out when they need to come up with a compelling ad, or a personal trait only certain people, such as successful serial entrepreneurs or brilliant improv actors, naturally possess. But according to Keith Sawyer, research psychologist and author of “Zig Zag: The Surprising Path to Greater Creativity,” everyone can be more creative just by taking eight incremental steps, but not necessarily in linear order. His path to creativity is more back and forth, a process in which the steps to greater imagination and originality build on and feed off each other.

The book is a gem, chock full of fascinating findings from research studies and a deep well of tactics that will get you thinking differently. In fact, Sawyer advocates what is likely a radical shift in mindset for most people. Coming up with good ideas isn’t something we leave until there’s a pressing need. Rather, it’s is a skill that can be practiced daily to solve life’s problems as well as discover its opportunities.

Sawyer tells the stories of the beginnings of Starbucks and Instagram. Neither company would be what it is today if its founders had continued to try to solve the original questions they sought to answer. Instead of asking “How can I recreate the Italian espresso bar in the United States?” Howard Shultz eventually looked at what wasn’t working with that idea to instead ask “How can I create a comfortable, relaxing environment to enjoy great coffee?” And while Kevin Systrom originally pondered how he could create a great location-sharing app, a better question turned out to be “How can we create a simple photo-sharing app?”

  • Quickly, without overthinking it, write 10 variations of the same question. For example, for the classic question “How can I build a better mousetrap,” you might ask questions such as “How do I get the mice out of my house?” and “What does a mouse want?” or “How can I make my backyard more attractive to a mouse than my house?” One of your new questions will likely be a better one than your original.
  • Debug your life. Brutally criticize an imperfect product or situation you come in contact with every day. Once you have a list, think of ways to eliminate the annoyances. This can amp creativity because little problems are often symptoms of bigger ones. Steve Jobs, a genius innovator, excelled at finding bugs that distracted from a user’s experience of a product.
  • Make something then reinterpret it. Sometimes before you get at the right question, you have to make something. Once you do, think of your creation being used for purposes other than your original intent. This process throws away your first assumptions, forcing you to consider new perspectives.

The secret to exceptional success doesn’t lie in natural ability, but in deliberate practice. In fact, research suggest that being world class at anything requires 10,000 hours of practice. It’s not just doing the same thing over and over again, however. It should involve pushing yourself to master tasks just slightly beyond your capabilities.

You have to become an expert in an area before you can be creative in it. “Successful creators don’t just like knowledge, they thirst for it. They can’t stop asking questions, and they always go beyond what they’ve learned from teachers and books,” Sawyer writes. There are a plethora of methods to do this.

Creative people are always on the lookout for possible solutions. You can do this by becoming more aware and practicing mindfulness, which involves intentionally noticing things and not pegging people you meet based on your expectations or the categories you have established in your minds. Instead, try to be open and curious and resist stereotyping people.

  • Create your own luck. Researchers have found people who describe themselves as lucky tend to notice things more than self-described unlucky people. They also act on unexpected opportunities and network well with others because they’re curious. Unlucky people tend to be tense and so focused on narrow goals that they miss opportunities.
  • Don’t let accidents annoy you. Plenty of inventions–such as Penicillin, The Slinky and chewing gum–came into being because someone didn’t brush past an accident, but studied it instead.
  • Play with children’s toys. Playing children are really good at making new connections. “I’m not the least bit self-conscious about my toy collection,” Sawyer writes. “If you walk into just about any supercreative company, you’ll find toys all over the place.”
  • Explore the future. Imagine yourself being wildly successful five years from now. Write down as many details about what this success looks like. Then write the history of how you got there asking yourself questions such as, “What was the first step you took to move toward your goal?” or “What was one early obstacle and how did you move past it?”
  • Leave something undone. If at the end of the day you leave a task slightly unfinished it may be easier to start on the next day. That’s because cognitive threads are left hanging in your mind and as you go about your non-work activities your subconscious might hook onto them and give you a sudden insight.
  • Become a beginner. Learn how to do something new, such as Hula-Hooping, juggling, carving wood, or archery.

20 Ways To Be Creative When You Don’t Feel Inspired

how to be creative when you don't feel inspired

Let’s be honest. We all want to know how to be creative on days that seem completely dreadful and leave us feeling totally uninspired and stuck. Either the words just aren’t coming or the visual concepts are unreachable. It just seems like any or all of the ideas are at a stand still. But don’t worry, it’s normal, it happens—so let’s move on. The real question is, “How to be creative, even on my off days?” Let’s look at 20 different ways to bring continual creativity into your life, blogs, and marketing.

1. Change Your Environment

The very first thing I do when I feel uninspired is to change my physical environment. While routine can be a great thing for personal productivity, sometimes it can kill your creative spirit. You get too used to the way things are and need a change to spark new thoughts and ideas. If that doesn’t work, maybe it’s your office space itself. Even the noise levels can influence your creativity. A study from Juliet Zhu found that a moderate noise level provides just enough distraction to encourage creative thought. Find a few different spaces that work for you, and change your environment when needed.

2. Take A Walk

Stanford researchers have found that walking improves creativity. On average, creative thinking increases by 60% when there is walking involved. Not only does inspiration form while walking, but then it continues to come even after you return to your desk.

3. Make Something For Play

Think back to some of your most creative years in life. Most of us think back to our early elementary years. At the age of five, you’re at 80% of our creative potential as you’re inventing all the time. Remember the finger painting, drawing, snowmen building, tree forts, and everything else? The only difference between then and now is that back then you allowed yourself to just play. There was no plan, no set goals, just an idea and the freedom to make whatever you wanted. Give yourself room to play. Just do it. I promise you won’t regret it.

4. Try Something New

Lately when I hit a creative road block, I find a new hobby to pursue in order to give my creative thinking a new perspective. For me as a graphic designer, that means playing with watercolors, hand lettering, woodworking, video, and other forms of creative mediums that I wouldn’t consider myself to be a pro at. For you, it might mean writing a short story, cooking a new recipe, or going to a new class on the weekends. Do something new to not only grow your creative background but to give a refreshing break to your usual practice.

5. Take A Trip

Maybe it’s not enough to change rooms or even change buildings for that matter. Maybe you just need a trip out of town to be around a new culture. Take a trip with some friends and enjoy your time together. “New sounds, smells, language, tastes, sensations, and sights spark different synapses in the brain,” according to a study done by Adam Galinsky. Even new experiences that are totally unrelated to creativity can bring new ideas and perspectives when you return to the office. Designer Stefan Sagmeister closes his studio once every seven years to do just that.

6. Have A Mentor

Creative mentors are some of the best mentors. Mentors can range from a friend, a hero in the industry, or to someone else at your workplace. Mentors are there to listen to the problem at hand and lend their expertise to help you move forward. They can also introduce you to others that might be able to help you, making for awesome new connections and further expert advice. After all, networking is critical to finding a job you love—and one you could possibly be even more creative in.

7. Read A Book

At CoSchedule, we have several team building activities, but one of my favorites is our book club. Once a week, we get together and go over a chapter in the book that we’re reading through as a team. We discuss anything and everything that we’ve found interesting. That leads to a great conversation with a variety of topics that often influences our work through actionable steps. Start with this awesome list of creative books. Find a book that’s interesting to you and learn through another’s story. You may even find blog ideas from reading.

8. Listen To A Podcast

There’s a podcast for almost anything. Podcasts are great for car rides, but also for a music replacement while you work. Instead of listening to your favorite music stream, check out a podcast that will bring new insight as you work.

My current favorite podcast is Design Observer as Debbie Millman interviews a variety of creatives from all different industries. Look to your professional heroes, and find a podcast or TedTalk that they’ve spoken for.